Special Issue, May 2018

Contents

Gülçin ERDİ: FROM THE EDITOR - CITIES: IDENTITIES, APPROPRIATION OF SPACE AND RESISTANCE PRACTICES

The idea of this special issue came from a discussion about the need to bring a collective analysis in the global making of cities which is rare in urban studies in Turkey. There are assuredly many precious high-quality research on the ongoing urbanization processes and policies in different metropolitan cities of the country and this research takes largely into account the specificities of Turkish urban policies, Turkish cities, the construction of “gecekondu” neighbourhoods and the everyday life inside them. However, few research place this example...

Savaş Zafer ŞAHİN: THE TRANSFORMATION OF URBANIZATION POLICY IN TURKEY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF NEOLIBERAL RESCALING (Turkish)

ABSTRACT: In the last two decades, under the influence of various factors from global climate change to migration waves, economic and social transformation waves and to rapid technological advancement, different policy preferences are being discussed in the whole world to redefine urbanization process. It can be said that, among these options, urban policy affected by the neoliberal ideology came to fore as the dominant one. Such an option for urban policy became visible through legitimization of a series of applications related to make urban sp...

Nihal DURMAZ: THE REAL FUNCTION OF THE “DISASTER LAW” IN THE URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF ISTANBUL

ABSTRACT: After the “Disaster Law” came into force, urbanization of Istanbul entered in a new turn. This article discusses the real function of this law in Istanbul's urbanization process, based on data obtained from field studies conducted in two towns of İstanbul (Sarıgöl and Tozkoparan). By answering to the questions of how the concept of environmental risk manifests itself in the urban development and what the “Disaster Law” changed in the urban process, this text aims to show that the disaster risks bec...

Amanda DIAS: THE EMERGENCE OF RIO DE JANEIRO’S MUSLIM COMMUNITY IN THE CITY’S PUBLIC SPACE

ABSTRACT: Arab migrants –mostly Palestinian, Lebanese and Syrian- compose the majority of Muslims in Brazil. Until the beginning of the 21st century, the Islamic institutions present in the country are mainly concerned with the transmission of Islam as a cultural heritage to their descendants. Rio de Janeiro’s Muslim community presents a particularity since, in the beginning of the 1990s, it’s Islamic Mutual-Aid Association discontinues the transmission of Islam as an Arab religion, separating religion...

Assaf DAHDAH & Annika DIPPEL: GERMAN AND FRENCH “SPATIAL MANAGEMENT” OF REFUGEES ILLUSTRATED BY SYRIANS’ URBAN EXPERIENCES IN BERLIN AND MARSEILLES

ABSTRACT: Whereas the recent Refugee Studies with geographical approach often focus on the state-refugees nexus and living conditions in refugee camps or accommodation centres, we propose an analysis of the refugees’ residential insecurity and institutional constraints, questioning how they generate and influence individual strategies of urban integration and resettlement. Hence, our approach is to compare the politically established, multi-scaled “spatial management” of refugees with the refugees’ individual actions...

Gülçin ERDİ: WOMEN AND RESISTANCE IN URBAN SPACE

ABSTRACT: This article studies women’s resistance and mechanisms of politicisation in marginalised urban areas by focusing on the case of women’s mobilization in the Dikmen Valley neighbourhood. In this mobilisation, the neighbourhood has a decisive role in the emergence of resistance, the development of a collective identity and the politicisation of the inhabitants. Appropriation and preservation of the neighbourhood which is considered by women as the central space for their everyday life and social relations become the main ...

Bénédicte FLORIN: WHEN THE WASTE-PICKERS GET OUT THE MARGIN: LITTLE BATTLES AND MOBILIZATION OF ISTANBUL WASTE-PICKERS (TURKEY)

ABSTRACT: As in most other countries, the “informal” waste-pickers of Istanbul are characterized by a “social indignity” and plural stigma. But the examination of their everyday social and professional practices reveals small daily battles to earn a livelihood in a brutal context of political reforms. In order to adapt and get round the obstacles confronting them, these waste-pickers adopt all sorts of small tactics to defend themselves and legitimize their position in the city and in urban society. The spatial dimen...

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