Alternatif Politika | Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Makale
Cilt 6, Sayı 2, Eylül 2014
       

Ali BERKER

Effects of Armed Conflict on Educational Outcomes in Turkey

ABSTRACT. This study is the first attempt to evaluate the educational consequences of a 30-year-old internal armed conflict between the Turkish state and Kurdish insurgents, one manifestation of Turkey’s prolonged Kurdish problem. To tackle the endogeneity of conflict and omitted variable bias, I implement a difference-in-differences estimation method, in which I exploit variations in exposure to conflict across provinces and over time. Estimation results suggest the presence of a robust negative association between exposure to conflict and children’s educational outcomes. This estimated negative association appears to be stronger for female children, for upper-secondary school outcomes, and for those who are exposed to conflict for a longer time period. The robustness analyses purport that the conflict’s estimated negative impacts are unlikely to be driven by either conflict-induced migration or underlying provincespecific trends.

Keywords: Armed Conflict, Educational Attainment, Turkey.



Effects of Armed Conflict on Educational Outcomes in Turkey
Ali BERKER
Alternatif Politika, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, Eylül 2014